5. 1. 6. Limits for VOC and SVOC emissions from insulating materials

description relevant product categories 


Insulation materials with organic constituents may emit volatile compounds.

Plastic insulation materials may primarily emit monomers into indoor air. While there has been no evidence so far that insulation materials made from PUR/PIR emit relevant isocyanate concentrations into indoor air, in the case of polystyrene insulation materials, relevant styrene emissions have been detected. The main health hazards brought about by styrene include neurotoxic effects, particularly on the central nervous system (e.g. memory deficiencies, neurological symptoms, impaired colour vision). The question as to whether styrene may trigger cancer is a controversial issue among experts, as is its possible reprotoxicity. However, there are many reliable studies that regard such effects as likely (cf. BMLFUW 2003b; guideline on indoor air assessment).

Insulation materials with binders that contain formaldehyde (e.g. mineral wool insulation materials) may also emit formaldehyde.


To prevent and avoid long-term effects on indoor air due to volatile organic compounds (VOCs), insulation materials that are installed facing the interior shall be low-emission materials. Annex ZA of the DIN EN 13162 to DIN EN 13171 series of standards on thermal insulation products for buildings requires initial type testing to be carried out for emissions of volatile compounds.

minimum requirement

Insulation materials that are installed on the room side of the airtight layer of the building must meet the following emission behavior requirements:



Max. test chamber concentration after 28 days

Carcinogenic substances classified as Categories 1A and 1B under CLP Regulation 1272/2008 (C substances) 1 µg/m³ (not quantifiable)

Total of volatile organic compounds C6–C16 (TVOCs)

300 µg/m³

Total of semi-volatile organic compounds C16–C22 (TSVOCs)

100 µg/m³
Acetaldehyde 120 µg/m³
Formaldehyde*) 0,05 ppm*)


*) Evidence required only for insulation materials with binders containing formaldehyde.


Manufacturer's declaration that the insulation material possesses one of the properties below:



Test report of an accredited testing laboratory, with test chamber procedure in accordance with ÖNORM EN ISO 16000 (-3),-6,-9,-11 and ÖNORM EN 16516. Test specifications according to AgBB-Scheme 2018 ore more current, with a space loading of ≥ 0.5 m²/m³ for insulation materials. The test certificate or test report must not be more than 5 years old.

All products awarded one of the following eco labels meet these criteria:


Certificates for test chamber examinations that confirm compliance with the above-mentioned limit values in compliance with the specified requirements are also recognized (e.g. Indoor Air Comfort GOLD). 


The test certificate or test report must not be more than 5 years old.

Alternatively, the corresponding baubook declaration may serve as evidence (www.baubook.info/oea).

Change of criteria (4)
Redaktionelle ÄnderungenJan 12, 2024

... AgBB scheme 2018 ADDED: or more current, whereby a room loading of ≥ 0.X m2/m3 must be applied for insulating materials. REMOVED: For older measurements, tests according to AgBB scheme 2015 are accepted. PLACED AT THE END: The test certificate ADDED: or test report must not be older than 5 years.


ADDED: Certificates for test chamber tests that confirm compliance with the above-mentioned limit values in compliance with the specified implementation regulations) are also recognized (e.g. Indoor Air Comfort GOLD). 

Limit value for acetaldehyde addedSept 26, 2023


A limit value for acetaldehyde of 120 µg/m³ has been added.

Reason: Exception from the limit value for carcinogenic substances (C substances) analogous to formaldehyde.


Date of criteria revise: September 18, 2023

Criteria revise valid from: September 18, 2023

Type of change: substantial

natureplus RL1007 und weitere als Nachweis ergänzt.Jan 24, 2023

Datum der Kriterienänderung: 24.01.2023

Kriterienänderung gültig ab: 24.01.2023

Art der Kriterinänderung: Geringfügig - redaktionell

Editorial changesJune 21, 2022

New phrasing "installed on the room side of the airtight layer of the building"


Date of criteria revise: 06/21/2022

Criteria revise valid from: 06/21/2022

Type of change: Minor - editorial

background, sources

baubook green procurement
Harmonised “EcoBuildingCriteria” provided by “ÖkoKauf Wien” and “service package sustainable construction in Vorarlberg”